CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a chemical compound found in cannabis plant. Unlike THC (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, which is known for its psychoactive effect), CBD does not cause addiction or mind alteration. Although CBD use is still being researched, it is considered a remedy for anxiety, inflammation and pain. Latest report by World Health Organization states that CBD “is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile” and that “to date, there is no evidence of recreational use of CBD for any public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD”.
Cannabis sativa plant is known to have two forms: hemp and marijuana. Hemp is reach with cannabidiol, while marijuana contains high levels of THC which is psychoactive. If a CBD product comes from a hemp plant (which means THC level lower than 0.3%), it’s legal in most countries.
CBD oil can help manage the symptoms of chronic pain. CBD is one of the many cannabinoids (compounds) in the cannabis plant. Researchers studied the possible therapeutic use of CBD. Two of the compounds in marijuana are Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD. These compounds have different effects. Until recently, THC was the most well-known compound in cannabis. This is the most active component, and it has a psychological impact. It creates a mind-altering "buzz" when a person smokes it or uses it in cooking. This is because THC is destroyed when a person applies heat and introduces it into the body. CBD, by contrast, is not a psychoactive substance. It doesn't change a person's state of mind when they use it. However, this can lead to significant changes in the body, and it shows some significant medical benefits.
CBD comes from the cannabis plant. People call cannabis plants either cannabis or marijuana, depending on how much THC they contain. The FDA notes that cannabis plants are legal under the farm bill if they contain less than 0.3% THC. For years, marijuana farmers have selectively bred their plants to contain high levels of THC and other compounds that fit their interests. However, hemp farmers rarely modify the plant. CBD oil comes from these legal cannabis plants.
All cannabinoids produce effects in the body by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors that are part of the endocannabinoid system. The body produces two receptors: CB1 receptors are present throughout the body, particularly in the brain. They coordinate movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite, memory, and other functions. CB2 receptors are more common in the immune system. They affect inflammation and pain. THC attaches to CB1 receptors, but CBD stimulates the receptors in such a way that the body produces its own cannabinoids, known as endocannabinoids.
A 2013 pilot study found that smokers who used inhalers containing CBD smoked fewer cigarettes than usual and stopped craving nicotine. This suggests that CBD can help people quit Smoking.
A 2018 study found that CBD helps reduce cravings during tobacco withdrawal due to its relaxing effect.
The authors of a 2015 review found evidence that specific cannabinoids, such as CBD, can help people with opioid addiction disorders.
Researchers have noted that CBD reduces some of the symptoms associated with substance use disorders. These included anxiety, mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia.
Research continues to support the use of CBD in the management of withdrawal symptoms.